What future for human rights in a non-western world?
- Simon Bennett, Éadaoin O’Brien
- Institute of Commonwealth Studies, Human Rights Consortium
- Subject Areas
- Human Rights
The countries of the global north and west that have enjoyed hegemonic preponderance in international affairs over the last two centuries are seeing their relative influence on the world stage decline in favour of rising powers of other regions. As the ability of the global north and west to project normative standards with regards to social organisation, international relations and the role of the state is waning, what emerging norms might guide future trajectories for global society? As human rights is a highly politicised and contentious area of discourse and practice, what future might there be for human rights in a non-western world?
The London Debates 2011 workshop sought to bring together established academics and early career researchers from a variety of disciplines to reflect upon possible futures for world order and the implications for human rights. In this edited volume, nuanced analysis covers the ongoing debate on the universality of human rights, the outlook for human rights in an Islamic context, the role of civil society in the future of human rights, and human rights in China.
Inaugural address ix
1. What future for human rights in a non-western world? 1
I. Contested universalities 19
2. Challenges to liberal human rights 21
3. Closing the legitimacy gap on the journey towards a universality of human rights 37
II. Future world orders, Islam and human rights 49
4. Transcending universalism? Trajectories for human rights in a post-western world 51
Nora Fisher Onar
5. Alternative discourse on human rights: concepts of duties versus rights in the Islamic discourse 63
Saira Bano Orakzai
6. Prospects for a regional human rights regime in the Middle East 77
III. Civil society and global rights 89
7. Reproducing rights: rebellious appropriation of rights discourse by social movements 91
8. Conceptualising civil society in Pakistan 107
iv WHAT FUTURE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN A NON-WESTERN WORLD?
IV. China and the international human rights regime 123
9. Human rights in China: what can the west and China do together? 125
10. Could China’s human rights position be attractive for other states? 133
11. Is there a future for human rights in China? 147
V. Envisioning a new global human rights regime 159
12. The future of human rights in a global order of change and continuity 161
Participant biographies 171
Workshop programme 179